Seamless work opportunities for Indians and connectivity with neighboring countries in a new umbrella project “Bharatmala”.

Bharatmala project announced by Shri Nitin Gadkari (current minister of road transport and highway.) on 25th October 2017.

Shri Nitin Gadkari

It is one of the biggest highway construction projects in India in history

Bharatmala is the second largest highways’ construction project in the country. Since NHDP(National Highway Development Project), under which almost 50,000 km or highway roads were targeted across the country.

Bharatmala Project
Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee

(NHDP(National Highway Development Project) was launched by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1998.)

The Bharatmala project will work to improve the connectivity particularly on economic corridors, border areas and far-flung areas with an aim of quicker movement of cargo and boosting exports.

This project is expected to create nearly 100 million man-days of jobs during the road construction.

Subsequently, this project is going to generate 22 million jobs across the country.

The construction will be billed via several routes including debt funds, budgetary allocation, private investment, toll operator transfer model etc.

Bharatmala will connect 550 district headquarters to the minimum 4-lane highway by raising the number of corridors to 50.

It will move 80% freight traffic to national highways by connecting 24 logistics parks.

66 inter-corridors (IC) of total 8,000 km (5,000 mi), 116 feeder routes (FR) of total 7,500 km (4,700 mi) and 67 northeast multimodal waterway ports.

Bharatmala includes economic corridors of around 9,000 km, inter-corridor and feeder routes of around 6,000 km, 5,000 km roads under the National Corridors Efficiency Program.

This project will give the country 50 national corridors as opposed to the 6 we have at present.

It also includes border and international connectivity roads of around 2,000 km, coastal and port connectivity roads of around 2,000 km, expressways of around 800 km and 10,000 km of NHDP roads.

Bharatmala project will start in Gujarat and Rajasthan, followed by Punjab.

Subsequently, traversing the Himalayan belt through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur (next to the Indo-Burmese border) and then to Mizoram.

Northeastern states have given special focus in the project and international trade is a key aspect as well.

The newer roads are expected to increase the speed of vehicles and decrease supply chain costs from the current average 18 percent to six percent.

24 logistics parks entailing 45% of India’s freight traffic have been identified to be connected by Bharatmala economic corridors (EC).

To develop a hub-and-spoke model where hub-to-hub transport can be done with 30-tonne trucks and hub-to-spoke transport can be done with 10-tonne trucks.

Currently, all transport is point-to-point in 10-tonne trucks (2017).

Bharatmala Project will be completed in two phases 1 & 2.

The total length in phase 1 comes to around 34,800 km.

 PHASE 1: 34,800 km by December 2019 

Bharatmala Phase I is to be implemented over a five years period from 2017-18 to 2021-22.

Including 24,800 km (15,400 mi) of new highways and another 10,000 km (6,200 mi) currently under-construction remaining incomplete under NHDP.

The construction cost of the Phase-1 of Bharatmala project will be Rs 5.35 lakh crore.

Under the Bharatmala project, the government also plans to build 3300 km of Border Roads of strategic importance along international boundaries.

And 2000 km of International Connectivity roads to promote trade with Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

Out of this around 2000 km will be taken up under Phase-I at an estimated cost of Rs 25,000 crore.


Components Of Bharatamala

 Economic Corridors 

Identified Highways Corridors of Economic importance are expected to carry 25% of freight in the coming years. Once built, the National and Economic corridors along with their inter-corridor and feeder routes would be able to carry 80% of our freight traffic.

Around 26,200 km of Economic corridors have been identified to be developed as Economic corridors out of which 9,000 km are being taken up in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

Inter-corridor and feeder roads to National and Economic Corridors

Approx 8,000 km inter-corridor and 7,500 km feeder routes identified out of which 6,000 km are taken in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

 National Corridors Efficiency Improvement  

The Golden-Quadrilateral and NS-EW, corridors carry 35% of India‟s freight and will declare as National corridors.

The National Corridors have developed choke points impacting logistics efficiency.

There is a requirement to build Ring Road and bypasses/ elevated corridors in addition to lane expansion to decongest these National Corridors.

Logistics Parks will develop at strategic locations to enhance logistics efficiency.

Around 5,000 km of roads are taken up under the category  Phase-I of Bharatmala.

 Border and International connectivity roads 

Around 3,300 km of border roads will build along the international border for their strategic importance.

2,000 km of roads are required for connecting India’s major highway corridor to International trade points.

To facilitate Export-Import (EXIM) trade with our neighbors: Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar 2,000 km roads are going under this category in Phase-I of Bharatmala.

 Coastal and Port connectivity roads 

Around 2,100 km of coastal roads will build along the coast of India.

These roads will boost both tourism and industrial development of the coastal region.

Around 2,000 km of port connectivity roads will facilitate EXIM trade. Emphasizing to improve connectivity to non-major ports.

The identified roads will synergize with the Sagarmala program. Around 2,000 km of roads are taken up under the category  Phase-I Bharatmala.

 Green-field Expressways 

Certain sections of National and economic corridors have traffic exceeding 50,000 PCUs and have also developed several choke points.

About 1,900 km of these stretches identified for development of Green-Field expressways.


Total budget ₹692,324 crore (US$110 billion) for 5 years Bharatmala project from 2017-2022.

₹535,000 crore (US$82 billion) phase-I will complete in 2017-Dec 2019.

₹209,000 crore (US$32 billion) through market borrowings.

₹106,000 crore (US$16 billion) through private investments.

₹219,000 crore (US$34 billion) through the Central Road Fund (CRF) and tolls.

₹97,000 crore (US$15 billion) from CRF.

₹34,000 crore (US$5.2 billion) from new toll monetization of completed highways.

₹46,048 crore (US$7.1 billion) from current toll fee from Toll-Permanent Bridge Fee Fund (PBFF).

The Bharatmala project will subsume all existing highway projects including the flagship National Highways Development Project (NHDP).


 BUT RICH BECAUSE IT HAS GOOD ROADS” (By very famous American captain of Industry sir Henry Ford.)


Henry Ford