Delimitation of constituencies in J&K

[Abbreviation – Jammu&Kashmir (J&K)]

 

Today I would like to start with a sensational word and newly came to limelight “DELIMITATION”.

After the colossal victory in LokSabha election, 2019 BJP (Bharatiya Janta Party) has secured its next 5 years of tenure as the governing party of India.

The huge mandate of Indian citizens has made the Jodi of Mr. Narendra Modi and Mr. Amit Shah much stronger.

As we all know Mr. Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister for the 2nd time in a row and Amit Shah is the newly inducted first timers Union Minister. He will be looking after home ministry for the next 5 years.

So, I think we Indians are going to have back to back roller coaster rides.

Just Kidding!

But friends I think we all know why this time again we have “Modi Sarkar”.

Because we have observed in the last 5 years, it was all about the growth and development of our country.

The governance of BJP in the leadership of Mr. Narendra Modi was miraculous.

Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
Shri. NARENDRA MODI

Moving ahead today I am gonna talk about “Delimitation”.

From past few days, Delimitation is buzzing in Indian media.

According to the sources :

Our Union Home Minister Mr. Amit Shah is doing back to back meetings with Indian high officials on the matter of  Delimitation of constituencies in Jammu & Kashmir.

Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
Mr. AMIT SHAH

And we just want to have a clear picture of this word on our mind.

So, let’s start, we will have a comprehensive discussion on the topics like:

  • What is Delimitation and why it is important?
  • What is the Delimitation of constituencies in Jammu & Kashmir?
  • What could be the consequences?
  • It should be implemented or not?
 What is Delimitation and why it is important? 

Delimitation commission or Boundary commission of India is a commission established by Government of India under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952 of India.

The main task of the commission is redrawing the boundaries of various assembly and LokSabha constituencies based on a recent census (this is wiki version).

Let’s understand this in an easier way;

India is the biggest democratic country in the world and the Indian parliament consists of multiple parties including national and regional parties.

We have 29 states in our country and these states are further divided into small constituencies.

 

Ex. One state multiple constituencies below:

So, every individual of a state belongs to a constituency of that state, and he can vote only from his/her constituency.

A political party can be represented by only one political candidate from a constituency and voter can vote for one political candidate of his/her choice.

Remember there will be only one seat in a constituency, which means multiple parties can fight an election for one seat in a constituency but the winner among them will get the seat.

 

 

VIDHAN SABHA ELECTION

Now, when we vote in Vidhan Sabha i.e. state election we vote to choose our Chief Minister.

We vote by our choice to a particular candidate who belongs to a political party which we like and the winner candidate from our constituency becomes an MLA (Member Of Legislative Assembly).

 

 

LOK SABHA ELECTION

Similar to Vidhan Sabha election,

When we vote in Lok Sabha i.e. general election we vote to choose our Prime Minister.

In Lok Sabha we vote by our choice to a particular candidate who belongs to a political party which we like and the winner candidate from our constituency becomes an MP (Member of Parliament)

 

Now, my friends you all must be thinking why I am discussing the voting process?

Because this where the process of Delimitation comes into the picture.

Delimitation depends upon the population growth because the population growth of a particular constituency determines whether it should remain as a single constituency or it should be divided.

Suppose, there is huge population growth in a particular constituency, hence there could be a requirement of more than one political representatives i.e. MP and MLA.

In our country population counting is done in every 10 years under the Census of India Act, 1948. The last census was held in 2011. The next will be held in 2021.

As I have already mentioned 1 constituency = 1 seat, so for more than one political representative the constituency needs to be divided. This division process is done by Delimitation commission or Boundary commission of India.

Delimitation Commission redraws the boundaries of a constituency as per the requirement and the process of redrawing the boundaries is known as DELIMITATION of a CONSTITUENCY.

Now, I think you must have a clear picture of Delimitation and how it works.

Moving ahead,

 What is the issue of Delimitation in Jammu & Kashmir? 

To understand the Delimitation in Jammu & Kashmir firstly we have to understand the history of J&K.

I think most of my friends must be knowing, that Jammu & Kashmir was a Princely Estate before the freedom of India.

Before 1947 there was a total of 565 Princely Estates and J&K was one of them.

But after independence, all these Princely Estate got merged in independent India except J&K.

The merger process of all these Princely Estates was altogether a different process, so, I would not go further into it now.

Here we will discuss only J&K.

Maharaja Hari Singh was the ruler of J&K and he was not in favor of the merger of J&K with India.

But when Pakistani invaders attacked on J&K, Raja Hari Singh asked Indian Government to send Indian Army for the help.

At that time Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was the prime minister of India and he proposed the Instrument of Accession i.e. merger proposal of J&K with India.

Maharaja Hari Singh accepted the merger proposal and J&K became an integral part of free India.

Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
MAHARAJA HARI SINGH

After the merger, Indian Army bravely fought against these invaders and deracinated them from the land of J&K.

Now, J&K became an Indian state and a very famous name comes into the picture i.e. Sheikh Abdullah, father of Farookh Abdullah and grandfather of Omar Abdullah.

Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
LATE SHEIKH ABDULLAH

At that time Sheikh Abdullah was a very popular leader among the people of J&K and also he was very special to our former Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

So, in the year 1948, against the will of Raja Hari Singh, Pt. Nehru nominated Mr. Sheik Abdullah as the first Prime Minister of J&K.

And Mr. Abdullah became the first Prime Minister of J&K.

Now the play starts,

As a Prime Minister of J&K Sheik Abdullah started doing his willfulness.

In the year 1951 J&K Vidhan Sabha was framed and seats were divided like :

  • 43 seats for Kashmir.
  • 30 seats for Jammu.
  • 2 seats for Ladakh.

Total of 75 seats.

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HISTORY OF JAMMU&KASHMIR

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TRIPLE TALAQ

The division of seats remained as it is until the year 1995.

In J&K Delimitation commission was established in the year 1993 and was imposed in 1995.

In 1995 the Delimitation Commission increased 12 seats in J&K Vidhan Sabha and the division of seats became :

  • 46 seats for Kashmir.
  • 37 seats for Jammu.
  • 4 seats for Ladakh.

Total of 87 seats.

As the consequence of this division,

  • The majority of political leaders got elected from Kashmir and Kashmir Valley, hence J&K Vidhan Sabha remained concentrated only to Kashmir Vidhan Sabha as it always held the highest no of seats.
  • Therefore, every time during the elections in J&K Kashmir concentrated parties like PDP (People’s Democratic party) or NC (National Conference) has dominated the whole state.
 Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
FAROOQ ABDULLAH
 Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
OMAR ABDULLAH

The national conference is the party of Sheikh Abdullah, father of Farookh Abdullah and grandfather of Omar Abdullah.

PDP is the party of Late Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, father of Mehbooba Mufti.

 Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
LATE MUFTI MOHAMMAD SAYEED

 

 Delimitation of constituencies in J&K
MEHBOOBA MUFTI

* Both parties follow the dynastic path. All the names I mentioned above are former chief ministers of J&K in since independence across timelines till date.

* Also, these parties are a consistent ignitor of terrorism and separatism in Kashmir Valley

  • People of Jammu & Ladakh have been always deprived of getting proper attention because of lesser or no representation in Vidhan Sabha

PDP and NC have always fueled the separatism in J&K and also opposed the withdrawal of constitutional Article 370 and Article 35(A).

Because of the uneven division of Vidhan Sabha seats, only Kashmir concentrated parties win the election and as a result, they pulverizing the state.

 What could be the consequences? 

Now, what will happen if redrawing of boundaries takes place in J&K :

Let’s understand the present demographics of J&K:

According to the 2011 census :

The total population of Jammu Division was approx 5,350,811.

  • Kashmir :
MUSLIMS95%
HINDUS4%
OTHERSNILL
  • Jammu :
MUSLIMS30%
HINDUS66%
OTHERS4%
  • Ladakh :
MUSLIMS46%
HINDUSNILL
OTHERS3%
BUDDHIST50%

Ethnically, Jammu is largely Dogra populated constituency, a group which constitutes approximately 67% of the population of Jammu.

The Jammu Division overall has a Hindu majority population i.e. 67% of Jammu’s population practice Hinduism.

On the other hand, 30% practice Islam and remaining are Sikhs and other communities.

The Hindus form a majority in the Jammu, Kathua, Samba and Udhampur districts.

Most of Jammu’s Hindus are native Dogras, Kashmiri Pandits as well as migrants from Kotli and Mirpur, and Punjabi Hindus.

Finally, everything is clear as glass. If Delimitation happens what will be the picture of J&K Vidhan Sabha.

Possibilities are higher, that a Dogra or a Kashmiri Pandit could become the next chief minister of J&K which could bring a big change to the entire state.

Certainly, this change will panic the separatists and their leaders who are sitting in Kashmir Valley thinking that they are the only Godfather of the region.

Now, the last question in this discussion.

 Delimitation of constituencies in Jammu & Kashmir should be implemented or not? 

If you ask me my answer will be definitely a “big yes”.

It is important for the equality, peace, growth, and prosperity of the most beautiful part of our country i.e.  Jammu & Kashmir.

All the above pieces of information are collected from :

  • WIKIPEDIA.
  • NEWS REPORTS.
  • NEWSPAPERS.
  • GENERAL AWARENESS MAGAZINES.