Recently on 29th of May 2018 (Tuesday), we heard the news flashes that our honorable Prime minister Shri Narendra Modi boarded on his five-days three-nation visit to Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia. To magnify the Act East Policy.
Mr. Modi stated: “This visit is focused on enhancing India’s relations and engagements with all the three countries, which forms an Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)”.
ASEAN stands for the Association of South East Asian Nations and the Members of ASEAN countries are :
ACT EAST POLICY
The main motto of Act East policy is the promotion of economic collaboration, cultural bondings, and development of a strategic association with the Asian-Pacific countries through persistent engagement at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels.
Thus, providing enhanced connectivity to the States of North Eastern Region including Arunachal Pradesh with other countries in our neighborhood.
North Eastern India has been a priority in Act East Policy (AEP).
AEP provides a crossing point between North East India including the state of Arunachal Pradesh and the ASEAN region.
Several plans at bilateral and regional levels include stable efforts to develop and strengthen connectivity of Northeast with the ASEAN region through trade, culture, people-to-people contacts and physical infrastructure (road, airport, telecommunication, power, etc.)
INDIA and INDONESIA THE RELATIONSHIP & FACTS
Indian Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi made his first ever official visit to Indonesia, on Tuesday, 29th of May 2018 for three days.
Both countries (India-Indonesia) are close maritime neighbors.
India’s Andaman Nicobar Islands share an oceanic border with Indonesia along the Andaman Sea.
Indonesia is the main trading partner of India in the ASEAN region with a bilateral trade of $17 billion in 2016-17. India is also a key supplier of military hardware for Indonesia.
India and Indonesia both are democratic countries while India is world’s largest and Indonesia is world’s third largest.
Both countries are fast-growing large economies beholding for worldwide investors.
India has an embassy in Jakarta and similarly, Indonesian embassy in New Delhi.
The president of Indonesia Mr.Joko Widodo and our prime minister Shri Narendra Modi both leaders met in Jakarta on Tuesday(Capital Of Indonesia)
Also, the two leaders have an almost similar political career.
*Shri Modi and Mr. Joko got elected in 2014.
*Both defeated powerful political dynasties Joko defeated (Suharto) and Modi (Nehru-Gandhi family).
*Also, both are from self-effacing backgrounds Mr.Widodo’s father was a carpenter and Mr. Modi ’s father was a tea seller.
The Indian-Indonesian relationship could be traced almost two millennia back.
In 1950, the first President of Indonesia, Sukarno, called upon the peoples of Indonesia and India to “strengthen the cordial relations” that had existed between the two nations more than 1000 years before they had been interrupted by colonial powers.
India and Indonesia both are the members of Group of 20 countries, the Emerging 7 countries, the Non-aligned Movement, and the United Nations.
There are 1 lakh Indonesians of Indian origin and over 7,500 Indian citizens in Indonesia.
MAIN AGENDA OF THE VISIT
India will develop the Sabang port in Aceh area, the closest Indonesian region to India, and a very short distance (90 nautical miles) from the Nicobar island.
ALSO READ: Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Sabang is an impoverished province but deliberately situated in a deep-water port close to the Malacca Straits through which a major part of India’s eastbound trade passes.
Shri Modi will have an interaction with Chief Executive Officers and the Indian community in Indonesia.
HISTORY OF THE RELATIONSHIP
The bonding of India and Indonesia could be traced to the times of Ramayana, Indians have visited Indonesia since that time.
It is believed that Sugriva, the chief of Rama’s army directed his soldiers to Yawadvipa(JAVA), the island of Java, in search of Sita.
The ancient Indian traders spread Hinduism and many other Indian cultures plus Sanskrit and Brahmi scripts.
The Indian influence over Indonesia could be easily seen in many ways
The Indian Epics — the Ramayana and the Mahabharata — play an important role in Indonesian culture and history, and widely common amongst Indonesians.
In the theatres of the Prambanan in Java, Javanese Muslims perform the Ramayana dance during full moon nights.
An example of deep Hindu-Buddhist impact in Indonesian history is 9th century Borobudur and Prambanan temples.
Even after the adoption of Islam, the bonding between two countries remained strong’ not only because India has a significant population of Muslims.
But, Indonesian Islamic architecture, especially Sumatra, has its deep root with the Indian Mughal architecture, and it is clearly evident in the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Aceh and Medan’s Grand Mosque.
The President of Indonesia Sukarno was the first chief guest at the annual Republic Day parade of India in 1950.
In the year 2011, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was the chief guest for the same event.
SOME OTHER FACTS
Indonesia is situated in Southeastern Asia, in between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
It is positioned in a strategic location on both sides of major sea tracks connecting East Asia, South Asia, and Oceania.
Idli, an Indian savory cake from South India. Steamed idli may have been an introduced from Indonesia.
Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world and the Istiqlal mosque is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and the third largest Sunni mosque in term of capacity.
The currency of Indonesia is Indonesian Rupiah
Most of the relations between India and Indonesia were pleasant-sounding and peaceful, except the 1965 war with India.
During 1965, Indonesia asked to provide military help for Pakistan, to seize the Andaman and Nicobar Islands’ of India. So India gets distracted from the Kashmir front.
A maritime borderline treaty between the two countries issued in New Delhi on 14 January 1977.
The traditional bonds are still continued, with popular Indonesian Dangdut music presenting the impact of Hindustani music.
The people of Indonesia especially middle-class to lower-class are also very fond of tabla.
Bollywood films and music are also popular in Indonesia.
Hope this strong bonding will last forever.
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