“THE SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS EXPLAINED”(2011-2019)

 THE SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS 

It’s been 8 years (2011-2019) of Syrian civil war and the war is still on. Millions of Syrians died and many displaced.

The Syrians who lived but have lost their loved ones are compelled to live in refugee camps.

Almost whole Syria has died out and vibrant cities are turned as a battleground.

 THE WAR 

The conflict started in 2011 as part of a wider upsurge of 2011 Arab Spring protests.

(The Arab Spring also stated as Arab revolutions was a revolutionary flow of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East has begun on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution).

It grew out of discontent with the Assad government and escalated into armed conflict when protests calling for his removal, were violently suppressed.

 The war is being fought by several factions 

  • The Syrian government and its international allies.
  • A loose coalition of Sunni Arab rebel groups (including the Free Syrian Army).
  • The majority-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).
  • The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (Levant) (ISIS (L)).

And a number of countries in the region and beyond being either directly involved, or interpreting support to one or another faction.

 SYRIAN CIVIL WAR: BETWEEN DIFFERENT GROUPS  

 

 

 "THE SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS"
The representation of different groups fighting in Syria and subgroups supporting them

 

During the war, all the groups (shown in the above presentation and description) were engaged in establishing their domination over Syria.

Bashar-AL-Assad(Belongs to Shia community) is present president of Syria and he has the support of Russia, Iran(Shia Country), Shia community including Hezbollah (Is a Shia Islamist political party and a militant group from Lebanon).

Mr. Bashaar Al Assad

REBEL GROUPS  are also known as Sunni rebel groups or free Syrian army group.

And a majority of Sunni Gulf states are supporting them for the sake of their own community.

KURDS are one of the largest ethnic group in the Middle East. They are from Mesopotamian plains and the plateaus are now south-eastern Turkey, north-eastern Syria, northern Iraq, north-western Iran, and south-western Armenia.

 Kurdish–Islamist conflict, played a major role in the Syrian Civil War.

It started when the fight exploded between the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) and Islamist rebel factions in the city of Ras al-Ayn.

Kurdish forces launched a campaign in an attempt to take control of the Islamist-controlled areas in the provinces of al-Hasakah.

And also they captured some of the parts of  Al-Raqqa and Aleppo provinces after al-Qaeda and used those areas to attack the YPG in Syria.

The Kurdish groups and their associate’s main goal was to capture Kurdish areas from the Arab Islamist rebels and strengthen the autonomy of the region of Rojava.

ISIS(L)(Islamic State of Iraq and Levant) also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham.

It is a Jihadist terrorist group converted from Al-Qaeda to ISIS(L) in Iraq and Syria influenced by the Wahhabi movement.

Their aim is to establish a caliphate or Islamic state in Sunni majority regions of Iraq and Syria.

ISIS has become notorious for its ruthlessness, including mass killings, abductions, and beheadings.

Though the group has not attracted any support from elsewhere in the Muslim world – and the US-led coalition has vowed to destroy it.

 THE REFUGEE CRISIS 

 

On the other side, there was a huge group of sufferers and victims, and they were innocent Syrian citizens.

Infants, children, aged people, pregnant women, adults were neither Shiya nor Sunni.

Neither they were Kurds nor even from ISIS(L). They were only innocent Syrian Citizens and now compelled to called as Syrian Refugees.

At first, anyone opts to be a “REFUGEE”? Neither I nor you do.

Even in our wildest dream, we don’t want to think of that.

Syria has its boundaries with Turkey in the north, Jordan in the south, Iraq in the east & in the west it is bounded by Lebanon & the Mediterranean Sea.THE SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS

And the neighboring countries of Syria are providing refugee camps and living quarters to them.

Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, and  European countries are trying to help Syrian refugees as much as they can.

On humanitarian aid, these countries are providing temporary shelters, basic health care, education and jobs to them.

In July 2012 Jordan has opened the Zaatari camp  (World’s Largest Syrian Refugee Camp)

The Azraq and Mrajeeb Al Fhood camps were then built to back Zaatari as it crossed its capacity of  80,000.

Zaatari and Azraq both are now the largest Syrian refugee camps.

According to UNHCR reports approximately 35,000 of the 54,000 people were registered only in the Azraq camp.

In Turkey, the registered population of Syrian refugees is estimated around 3.0 million, with much more unregistered, of whom (approx) 260,000 living in the 22 camps as of May 2017.

The camps, also known as Temporary Accommodation Centers or Temporary Protection Centers run by the government-led Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency with support from the United Nations and NGO partners.

Lebanon hosts about 1.5 million Syrian refugees, which amounts to more than one-fourth of the total population of Lebanon, as of February 2017.

This is by far the highest number of refugees per capita worldwide One million refugees are registered with UNHCR.

Approximately 240,000 were registered Syrian refugees in Iraq, 90,000 of whom reside in camps managed by UNHCR, IRC and the Directorate of Health.

All the Syrian refugee camps in Iraq are within the Kurdish region.

 LIFE INSIDE THE REFUGEE CAMPS 

Being a refugee is not a will of anyone, but the circumstances forces to follow those difficult paths.

Can you imagine living in refugee camps?

In a simple word, it’s “TERRIBLE”.

When male members of the family become jobless, and the female members are impelled to serve as a sex slave or to sell themselves to the males of other Gulf countries for the survival of their family and kids.

Then, how will you define these circumstances?

Isn’t like a hell?

Undoubtedly the host countries are trying to give their best facilities in the refugee camps.

But they are not enough as the number of refugees is going beyond the limit day by day.

The Syrians who are unwillingly living in refugee camps.

A few years back they also had a beautiful home, families, kids, happy life and laughter, enjoyment, fun, and livelihood in their life.

But now there are only silent roads, ruined houses, bloodstains, painful screech and the mangled bodies of loved ones.

There are endless pain and tears in the life of every Syrian individual and no one can either feel it nor anyone can make it less painful.

Probably for them, it will take years and centuries to omit the scars of war.

Why Syria Vanished?

Just for a stupid religious fight. On the cost of the lives of millions of Syrians.

If any religion demands these sacrifices than it is better to be an “ATHEIST”.