The Sagarmala Project

The Sagarmala project is one of the signature projects of our prime minister Mr. Narendra Modi and including the key person Shri Nitin Gadkari (Minister of Road Transport and highways).
Sagarmala project will be developed by the Ministry of Shipping and initiative revolves around 4 key pillars –
The main objective of this project is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment.
Altogether 415 projects have been identified across India for port modernization, and new port development.
Including port connectivity enhancement, port-linked industrialization and coastal community development under the Sagarmala Initiative.
Shri Nitin Gadkari
The Sagarmala project is to be implemented in different phases at a projected cost of $120 Billion over 10 years, from 2015 to 2025.
This ambitious program seeks to harness the vast potential of India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes.
It anticipates the growth of coastal and inland shipping as a major mode of transport for carriage of goods and people along the coastal and riverine economic centers.
Sagarmala integrated with the development of inland waterways will help to reduce cost and time for transporting goods, benefiting industries and export/import trade.
 The Main Concept Of The Sagarmala Project : 
The vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment.
 This includes: 
  • Reducing cost of transporting domestic cargo through optimizing modal mix.
  • Lowering logistics cost of bulk commodities by locating future industrial capacities near the coast.
  • Improving export competitiveness by developing port proximate discrete manufacturing clusters.
  • Optimizing time/cost of EXIM container movement.
 Components of Sagarmala Programme are: 
  • Port Modernization & New Port Development: De-bottlenecking and capacity expansion of existing ports and development of new greenfield ports.
  • Port Connectivity Enhancement: Enhancing the connectivity of the ports to the hinterland, optimizing cost and time of cargo movement through multi-modal logistics solutions including domestic waterways (inland water transport and coastal shipping).
  • Port-linked Industrialization: Developing port-proximate industrial clusters and Coastal Economic Zones to reduce logistics cost and time of EXIM and domestic cargo.
  • Coastal Community Development: Promoting sustainable development of coastal communities through skill development & livelihood generation activities, fisheries development, coastal tourism etc.
 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROJECT 
  • Sagarmala project will execute in the area of world’s 2nd highest tidal range.
  • The project is aiming towards reducing the motorable distance of 231 km between Gogha and Dahej in Gujarat to mere 31 km.
  • Our honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi had inaugurated India’s first roll on-roll off (Ro-Ro) vessel passenger ferry services on this route in April 2017.
  • The ferry service will reduce the travel time to 1 hour from 7 hours
  • The Ro-Ro ferry service will save fuel and reduce road congestion including the reduction in CO2 emission.
  • The project will increase coastal shipping & tourism supporting the socio-economic development of proximate areas.
  • Sagarmala project also helps in the utilization of inland waterways through River Narmada for shipping goods from industries located upstream.
 South Asia’s First World-Class Ro-Ro Ferry Service 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first phase of the Sagarmala Project also South Asia’s first world-class Ro-Ro (roll-on, roll-off) ferry service between Ghogha in Bhavnagar district and Dahej in Bharuch district in the Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat.
(The Gulf of Cambay (also known as Gulf of Khambhat) is a bay on the Arabian Sea in the state of Gujarat along the west coast of India. It divides the Kathiawar peninsula to the west from the eastern part of Gujarat state Narmada, Tapti, Mahi and Sabarmati rivers drains into it.)
The Ro-Ro ferry services are vessels made to carry wheeled cargo (like cars, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, and railroad cars) that are driven on and off the ferry on their own wheels or using a platform vehicle.
It is opposite of lift-on and lift-off (lo-lo) vessels which uses the crane to load and unload cargo.
The first of its kind Ro-Ro ferry in India will be able to carry up to 100 vehicles and 250 passengers between the two ports.
It will reduce the distance between Ghogha in Saurashtra and Dahej is South Gujarat from 310 kilometers by road to 30 kilometers.
Besides, it will also reduce seven to eight hours of travel time to link Saurashtra with South Gujarat to one hour.
The ferry service will save travel time and fuel and reduce pressure on congested roads. ‎
It will promote regional trade and business and could be a game-changer for transportation of goods and passengers. ‎
It will provide at least one crore jobs in the next 4-5 years. ‎It will also boost up the local economy.
Ro-Ro ferry is a small part of Sagarmala project of Central Government that aims to promote port-led development in the country.
The ferry service will mobilize India’s 7,500-km long coastline, 14,500-km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes.

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